Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10953/2561
Title: The Relationship between Social Support and Anxiety Symptoms in Informal Carers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Authors: Priego-Cubero, Emilia
Orgeta, Vasiliki
López-Martínez, Catalina
Del-Pino-Casado, Rafael
Abstract: Background: Providing care can be challenging for informal carers and increases the risk of mental health problems, such as experiencing clinical symptoms of anxiety. While strengthening social support for informal carers is a common recommendation to reduce this risk, no systematic review or meta-analysis to date has examined the relationship between social support and anxiety symptoms in informal carers. The aim of our study was to systematically review the current evidence on the association between perceived and received social support and anxiety symptoms in informal carers of dependent adults and older people, and to comment on the quality of the evidence. Methods: We searched PubMed, CINAHL (EBSCO), PsycINFO (ProQuest), Scopus, and LILACS up to 31 March 2021 for articles reporting on the association between caregiver anxiety symptoms and social support. A random-effects model was used to pool estimates, and each study was rated for quality using pre-specified criteria. Publication bias was assessed using a funnel plot and Egger’s regression test, which was adjusted using trim and fill analysis. Results: From the 2180 identified articles, 35 studies met our inclusion criteria, reporting on 5036 informal carers in total. We found a moderate negative association between perceived social support and caregiver anxiety symptoms (r = −0.31, 95% CI = −0.35, −0.27) and a small, negative association between received social support and caregiver anxiety (r = −0.15, 95% CI = −0.22, −0.08). Conclusion: The levels of perceived social support showed a significant negative association with caregiver anxiety symptoms. Policymakers and those working directly with informal carers should consider the development of targeted social support interventions that specifically enhance the levels of perceived social support to reduce symptoms of anxiety in informal carers.
Keywords: anxiety symptoms
social support
perceived social support meta-analysis
caregiving
meta-analysis
Issue Date: 3-Feb-2023
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Priego-Cubero, E.; Orgeta, V.; López-Martínez, C.; del-Pino-Casado, R. The Relationship between Social Support and Anxiety Symptoms in Informal Carers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J. Clin. Med. 2023, 12, 1244. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm12031244
Appears in Collections:DEf-Artículos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
jcm-12-01244-v2.pdf1,3 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


This item is protected by original copyright