Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Insights of Active Extension Within a Collisional Orogen From GNSS (Central Betic Cordillera, S Spain)
Authors: Martin-Rojas, Ivan
Alfaro García, Pedro
Galindo Zaldívar, Jsesús
Borque Arancón, María Jesús
García Tortosa, Francisco Juan
Sanz de Galdeano, Carlos
Avilés, Manuel
Sánchez Alzola, Alberto
González-Castillo, Lourdes
Ruano, Patricia
Medina-Cascales, Iván
Tendero-Salmerón, Víctor
Madarieta-Txurruka, Asier |
Pedrosa-González, María Teresa
Gil Cruz, Antonio José
Abstract: The coexistence of shortening and extensional tectonic regimes is a common feature in orogenic belts. The westernmost end of the Western Mediterranean is an area undergoing shortening related to the 5 mm/yr NNW‒SSE convergence of the Nubia and Eurasia Plates. In this region, the Central Betic Cordillera shows a regional ENE‒WSW extension. Here, we present GNSS-derived geodetic data along a 170 km-long transect orthogonal to the main active normal faults of the Central Betic Cordillera. Our data indicate that the total extension rate along the Central Betic Cordillera is 2.0 ± 0.3 mm/yr. Extension is accommodated in the eastern (0.8 ± 0.3 mm/yr in the Guadix-Baza Basin) and western (1.3 ± 0.3 mm/yr in the Granada Basin) parts of the Central Betic Cordillera, while no extension is recorded in the central part of the study area. Moreover, our data permit us to quantify, for the first time, short-term fault slip rates of the Granada Fault System, which is one of the main seismogenic sources of the Iberian Peninsula. We deduce a fault slip rate of ∼1.3 ± 0.3 mm/yr for the whole Granada Basin, with 0.9 ± 0.3 mm/yr being accommodated in the Granada Fault System and 0.4 ± 0.3 mm/yr being accommodated in the southwestern sector of the Granada Basin, where no active faults have been previously described at the surface. The heterogeneous extension in the Central Betic Cordillera could be accommodated by shallow high-angle normal faults that merge with a detachment at depth. Part of the active extension could be derived from gravitational instability because of underlying over-thickened crust.
Keywords: Nubia-Eurasia plate boundary
Active normal faults
Issue Date: 13-Jun-2023
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: This research was funded by the Generalitat Valenciana (Valencian Regional Government, Research project AICO/2021/196), Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and University (Research Projects RTI2018-100737-B-I00 and PID2021-127967NB-I00), the University of Alicante (Research Project VIGROB053), the University of Jaén (POAIUJA 2021–2022, CEACTEMA and Programa Operativo FEDER Andalucía, 2014–2020—call made by UJA, 2018, Ref. 1263446), P18-RT-3275 (Junta de Andalucía/FEDER), and the Junta de Andalucía regional government (RNM282 and RNM 148 research groups). The Institut Cartogràfic Valencià, Agencia Valenciana de Seguridad y Respuesta a las Emergencias (Generalitat Valenciana), Consorcio Provincial para el Servicio de Prevención y Extinción de Incendios y Salvamento de Alicante, Excelentísimas Diputaciones Provinciales de Alicante y Castellón, and the Ayuntamiento de Almoradí also provided partial funding.
Publisher: Whiley
Citation: Martin‐Rojas, I., Alfaro, P., Galindo‐Zaldivar, J., Borque‐Arancón, M. J., García‐Tortosa, F. J., de Sanz, G. C., ... & Gil‐Cruz, A. J. Insights of active extension within a collisional orogen from GNSS (Central Betic Cordillera, S Spain). Tectonics, e2022TC007723.
Appears in Collections:DG-Artículos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Tectonics2023.pdf704,16 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright