Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10953/2198
Title: Visual tools for supporting interviews in qualitative research: new approaches
Authors: Olmo-Extremera, Marta
Fernández-Terol, Lucía
Amber, Diana
Abstract: This study aims to describe and evaluate various visual and creative tools for supporting the in-depth biographical interview aimed at analyzing educational communities and their stakeholders. Researching educational spaces today requires new ways of understanding, analyzing, and studying. The complex characteristics, functions, and realities demand research that responds to educational singularities. It is a matter of deeply understanding the educational phenomenon's peculiarities. For these purposes, instruments and research paradigms are needed to extract data and reach information saturation regarding the data obtained from the proposed objects of study. With this in mind, the following paper invites us to reflect on data collection tools that can complement the interview and biographical-narrative research approach. We highlight the use of photo-elucidation, the biogram-based timeline, the organigram, and the flight of the geese, all of which are instruments endowed with a visual character that allows a deeper understanding of the object studied. The main contribution of this paper is to unpack the uses and applications of four visual tools that support the interview technique. Firstly, photo-elucidation is presented as a sensory strategy to stimulate the narrative during the dialogical exchange of the interview. Next, the timeline is described as a visual concretization of the traditional biogram widely used in educational research. Next, we unravel the uses of the organizational chart in educational research, which, due to its nature and utility, provides a glimpse of the organizational functioning of an institution and is particularly suitable for research in institutional frameworks. Finally, the tool known as the flight of the geese is presented. This tool is recommended for use in educational leadership and teamwork studies due to its simplicity and high representativeness of the hierarchy of roles and functions. Researching educational spaces today requires new ways of understanding, analyzing, and studying. The complex characteristics, functions, and realities demand research that responds to educational singularities. It is a matter of deeply understanding the educational phenomenon's peculiarities. For these purposes, instruments and research paradigms are needed to extract data and reach information saturation regarding the data obtained from the proposed objects of study. With this in mind, the following paper invites us to reflect on data collection tools that can complement the interview and biographical-narrative research approach. We highlight the use of photo-elucidation, the biogram-based timeline, the organigram, and the flight of the geese, all of which are instruments endowed with a visual character that allows a deeper understanding of the object studied.
Keywords: Qualitative research
Biographic research
Interview
Educational research
Visual tools
Issue Date: 2-Oct-2023
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: This paper was supported for three projects: (1) communities of professional practice and learning improvement; middle leadership, networks and interrelations and schools in complex contexts (Reference: PID2020-117020GB-I00), funded by Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spanish Government within the State Programme for Scientific and Technical Research and Innovation MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033; (2) communities of professional practice and learning improvement (Reference: P20_00311), funded by the Andalusian Knowledge System of the Andalusian Regional Government and (3) Expanded Professional Learning Communities and Collaborative Networks for sustainable development and inclusion: New governance and social capital (Reference: B-SEJ-234- UGR20), funded European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Citation: Olmo-Extremera, M., Fernández-Terol, L. and Amber Montes, D. (2023), "Visual tools for supporting interviews in qualitative research: new approaches", Qualitative Research Journal, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/QRJ-07-2023-0113
Appears in Collections:DP-Artículos

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