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Title: Evidence-based practice is often not implemented in nursing for reasons relating to leadership.
Authors: López-Medina, Isabel M.
Álvarez-García, Cristina
Parra-Anguita, Laura
Sanz-Martos, Sebastián
Álvarez-Nieto, Carmen
Abstract: Aim: To describe nursing students’ perceptions of sustainable health education in the nursing curriculum and their concerns about sustainable healthcare and the impact of climate change on nursing. Background: Sustainable health education involves education on the impact of climate change on health and the impact of healthcare on the environment. The effectiveness of sustainable health education in improving attitudes, knowledge and skills in sustainable healthcare has been demonstrated. However, there is a need to study students’ perceptions of this and their concerns about achieving sustainable healthcare from the use and disposal of healthcare resources. Design: A cohort study with an inductive content analysis of open-ended questions included in a survey. Methods: The study was carried out with undergraduate nursing students throughout their four-year undergraduate academic program using scenario-based learning and augmented reality related to sustainability, climate change and health. As students were exposed to three educational interventions, they completed a survey of open-ended questions about their perceptions of their environmental sustainability training in the nursing curriculum, their concerns about the resources’ used in healthcare and their perceptions of the impact of climate change on the nursing profession. Results: Students identified content in the nursing degree program on climate change and health and hospital waste segregation. They also demanded more content on ’low environmental impact nursing care’ when their clinical practice training increased. Students were concerned about the excessive and unnecessary use of materials in healthcare, especially in the post-pandemic period, the lack of environmental awareness of healthcare professionals and the lack of power to change the situation. They recognised the lack of proper waste segregation in healthcare settings, no recycling bins and little reuse of materials. They were also concerned about the polluting disposal of material. They perceived important impacts of climate change on nursing, such as patient care due to increased pollution-related diseases, including foetal malformations and new health care needs arising from weather conditions. Finally, students were concerned about the impact this will have on nursing care work and require ’nursing leadership in environmental awareness’. Conclusions: Students demand more training in low environmental impact healthcare and innovative educational practices are effective in this regard. Appropriate Sustainable Healthcare Education can make future health professionals more environmentally aware and enable them to lead the shift towards climate-smart care.
Keywords: Climate Change
Content analysis
Environmental sustainability
Learning environment
Medical waste
Issue Date: 29-Oct-2022
Publisher: Elsevier
Appears in Collections:DEf-Artículos

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