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Title: Altered Plant and Nodule Development and Protein S-Nitrosylation in Lotus japonicus Mutants Deficient in S-Nitrosoglutathione Reductases
Authors: Matamoros, M.A.
Cutrona, M.C.
Wienkoop, S.
Begara-Morales, J.C.
Sandal, N.
Orera, I.
Barroso, J.B.
Stougaard, J.
Becana, M.
Abstract: Nitric oxide (NO) is a crucial signaling molecule that conveys its bioactivity mainly through protein S-nitrosylation. This is a reversible post-translational modification (PTM) that may affect protein function. S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) is a cellular NO reservoir and NO donor in protein S-nitrosyla tion. The enzyme S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR) degrades GSNO, thereby regulating indirectly signaling cas cades associated with this PTM. Here, the two GSNORs of the legume Lotus japonicus, LjGSNOR1 and LjGSNOR2, have been functionally characterized. The LjGSNOR1 gene is very active in leaves and roots, whereas LjGSNOR2 is highly expressed in nodules. The enzyme activities are regulated in vitro by redox-based PTMs. Reducing conditions and hydrogen sulfide-mediated cysteine persulfidation induced both activities, whereas cysteine oxidation or glutathionyla tion inhibited them. Ljgsnor1 knockout mutants contained higher levels of S-nitrosothiols. Affinity chromatography and subsequent shotgun proteomics allowed us to identify 19 proteins that are differentially S-nitrosylated in the mutant and the wild-type. These include proteins involved in biotic stress, protein degradation, antioxidant protection and photosynthesis. We propose that, in the mutant plants, deregulated protein S-nitrosylation contributes to develop mental alterations, such as growth inhibition, impaired nodulation and delayed flowering and fruiting. Our results highlight the importance of GSNOR function in leg ume biology.
Keywords: Legume nodules • Nitrosothiols • S-nitrosoglu tathione • S-nitrosoglutathione reducta
Issue Date: Jan-2020
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness/State Research Agency-European Regional Developmental Fund [grant AGL2017-85775-R], Arag on Government (A09_17R) and Danish National Research Foundation [grant DNRF79].
Citation: Plant Cell Physiol. 2020. 61(1):105-117
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