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Title: The LGBTQ+ People-Animal Bond: A Systematic Review of the Effects of Companion Animals on LGBTQ+ People
Authors: Díaz-Videla, Marcos
Delgado-Rodríguez, Rafael
Martos-Montes, Rafael
Ordóñez-Pérez, David
Calvo, Paula
Abstract: LGBTQ+ people tend to experience prejudice, stigma, and discrimination, which increases their risk of developing mental health difficulties. Support networks, including companion animals, can be used to cope with these challenges. We performed a systematic review of studies related to the effects of human-animal interactions on the LGBTQ+ population. The review included 18 empirical studies; the findings showed that participants tended to view companion animals as family members, as well as providers of love, acceptance, and social support. Thus, companion animals could alleviate stress and increase resilience. However, certain costs were also cited and, under some circumstances, poorer health was observed. The results are discussed considering three unique aspects of the “LGBTQ+ people-animal bond”: (1) it promotes self-acceptance, (2) provides a sense of protection against sexuality-based stigma and social acts of aggression based on sex or gender, and (3) exposes animal guardians requesting animal care services to potential discrimination. By characterizing the LGBTQ+ people-animal bond, more effective responses to meet their needs and promote inclusion may be achieved.
Keywords: Companion animals
gender minorities
sexual minorities
Issue Date: 10-Jan-2023
Publisher: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis LTD
Citation: Díaz-Videla, M., Delgado-Rodríguez, R., Martos-Montes, R, Ordóñez-Pérez, D. y Calvo, P. (2023).The LGBTQ+ People-Animal Bond: A Systematic Review of the Effects of Companion Animals on LGBTQ+ People. Journal of Homosexuality.
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