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|The role of dogs in modulating human affective reactivity and sense of safety in emotional urban public spaces
|Delgado-Rodríguez, Rafael F.
|We aimed to examine the role of dog presence in modulating human affective reactivity and sense of safety in emotional urban public spaces. College women (n = 296) assessed valence, arousal, dominance, and safety in pictures depicting a man or a woman alone or accompanied by a small- or medium-sized dog in aversive and positive contexts. The results indicated that both dog sizes produce better assessments (i.e., higher valence, dominance, and sense of safety, and lower arousal) than the alone condition in high- and low- aversive (i.e., aversive/man and aversive/woman, respectively) and low-positive (i.e., positive/man) contexts. In highly positive contexts (i.e., positive/woman), the alone condition produces a similar assessment to small-sized dogs on arousal and dominance scales and medium-sized dogs on dominance and safety scales. When comparing dog sizes, small dogs produce better assessments in most emotional contexts. Those results overall indicated that dog presence itself (regardless of dog size) affects participants’ assessment in aversive and low-positive contexts; however, specific dog features such as size, rather than dog presence itself, are more important in high-positive contexts, indicating a ceiling effect. This study highlights the need to consider the emotionality of public settings when assessing the positive dog effect in scenes in which people are portrayed.
urban public spaces
sense of safety
|Elsevier Science Inc
|Delgado-Rodríguez, R., Carriquí-Madroñal, R., Vázquez-Villalba, C., Martos-Montes, R. y Ordoñez-Pérez, D. (2022). The role of dogs in modulating human affective reactivity and sense of safety in emotional urban public spaces. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 55-56, 12-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jveb.2022.07.005
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