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Title: Lived experiences and opinions of women of sub-Saharan origin on female genital mutilation: A phenomenological study
Authors: Martínez-Linares, Jose M
López-Entrambasaguas, Olga M
Fernández-Medina, Isabel M
Berthe-Kone, Ousmane
Fernández-Sola, Cayetano
Jiménez-Lasserrotte, María del Mar
Hernández-Padilla, Jose M
Canet-Vélez, Olga
Abstract: Aims and objectives: This study aimed to describe and understand the lived experi-ences and opinions of sub-Saharan women living in Spain in relation to female genital mutilation.Background: Female genital mutilation is a bloody procedure with serious conse-quences for the health of women and girls. Understanding mutilated women's lived experiences plays a crucial role in the management of health consequences and could help healthcare professionals to provide assistance to these women.Design: A descriptive phenomenological study was carried out. The COREQ checklist was followed as guidance to write the manuscript.Methods: A total of 12 in-depth interviews were conducted. Interviews were re-corded, transcribed and analysed using ATLAS.ti 9.0.Results: Two themes with four subthemes were identified from the data analysis: 1) ‘The traumatic experience of female circumcision’ with the subthemes ‘Female muti-lation is a physical and psychological torture procedure’ and ‘recognising and coping with negative emotions’; 2) ‘The fight for the eradication of female genital mutilation’ which contains the subthemes ‘the need for a real sociocultural change at the origin’ and ‘“I want to be the last”: Personal development leads to sociocultural change’.Conclusions: Female genital mutilation was experienced by women as a very aggres-sive and traumatic event. It causes considerable negative emotions that last over time. Although there is a tendency to reject the practice, in women's countries of origin, there is social pressure for girls to be mutilated.Relevance to clinical practice: Caring for women who have suffered from female genital mutilation requires awareness of the traumatic experience they underwent when they were girls. Healthcare professionals play a crucial role in eradicating female genital mutilation. Apart from education, preventive measures may include specific recommendations when girls are travelling to the country of origin and participatory action research.
Keywords: lived experiences
qualitative study
female circumcision
female genital cutting
female genital mutilation
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: WILEY
Appears in Collections:DEf-Artículos

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