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Title: Extinction Arouses Attention to the Context in a Behavioral Suppression Method With Humans
Authors: Nelson, Byron J.
Lamoureux, Jeffrey
León, Samuel P.
Abstract: One experiment assessed predictions from the attentional theory of context processing (ATCP, J. M. Rosas, J. E. Callejas-Aguilera, M. M. Ramos-Álvarez, & M. J. F. Abad, 2006, Revision of retrieval theory of forgetting: What does make information context-specific? International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, Vol. 6, pp. 147–166) that extinction arouses attention to contextual stimuli. In a video-game method, participants learned a biconditional discrimination (RG+/BG−/RY−/BY+) either after extinction of another stimulus had occurred, or not. When contextual stimuli were relevant to solving the discrimination (i.e., all RG+/BG− trials occurred in one context and all RY−/BY+ in another), prior extinction of another stimulus facilitated the discrimination, as if extinction enhanced attention to the contexts. Results are discussed briefly in terms of ATCP and the model of N. A. Schmajuk, Y. W. Lam, & J. A. Gray (1996, Latent inhibition: A neural network approach, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, Vol. 22, pp. 321–349). (APA PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
Keywords: Extinction, renewal, attention, conditioning, humans
Issue Date: 2013
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: The research presented here was made possible by Grant No. PSI2011- 24231 from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation and Grant No. IT-276-07 from the Basque Ministry of Science. Participation of Jeffrey A. Lamoureux in the project was supported by funds from the Psychology Department of Boston College. Participation of Samuel P. León was made possible by Grant No. BES-2008-003634 from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation.
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Nelson, J. B., Lamoureux, J. A. & León, S. P. (2013). Extinction arouses attention to the context in a behavioral suppression task with humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 39, 99-105.
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