Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Experimental Renewal in Human Participants
Authors: Nelson, Byron J.
Carmen Sanjuan, María
Vadillo-Ruiz, Sandra
Pérez, Joana
León, Samuel P.
Abstract: Two experiments with human participants are presented that differentiate renewal from other behavioral effects that can produce a response after extinction. Participants played a video game and learned to suppress their behavior when sensor stimuli predicted an attack. Contexts (A, B, & C) were provided by fictitious galaxies where the game play took place. In Experiment 1, participants who received conditioning in A, extinction in B, and testing in A showed some context specificity of conditioning during extinction and a recovery of suppression on test. Experiment 2 demonstrated recovery of extinguished responding when participants were conditioned in A, extinguished in B, and tested in C, a third, neutral context. The experiment also demonstrated that the context of extinction did not control performance by becoming inhibitory. Results are discussed in terms of mechanisms that can produce a response recovery after extinction. The experiments demonstrated a renewal effect: a response recovery that was not attributable to the contexts acting as simple conditioned stimuli and is the first work with human participants to conclusively do so.
Keywords: renewal, extinction, relapse, context, retrieval
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation: Nelson, J. B., SanJuan, M. C., Vadillo-Ruiz, S., Pérez, J., & León, S. P. (2011). Experimental Renewal in Human Participants. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 37, 58-70.
Appears in Collections:DP-Artículos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Nelson_et_al._(2010)_JEPABP_Experimental_Renewal_Acepted.pdf374,69 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright