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Title: Inhibitory control during selective retrieval may hinder subsequent analogical thinking
Authors: Valle, Tania
Gómez-Ariza, Carlos J.
Bajo, M. Teresa
Abstract: Analogical reasoning is a complex cognitive activity that involves access and retrieval of pre-existing knowledge in order to find a suitable solution. Prior work has shown that analogical transfer and reasoning can be influenced by unconscious activation of relevant information. Based on this idea, we report two experiments that examine whether reduced access to relevant information in memory may further disrupt analogical reasoning unwittingly. In both experiments, we use an adaptation of the retrieval practice paradigm [1] to modulate memory accessibility of potential solutions to a subsequent set of analogy problems of the type ‘A is to B as C is to ?’. Experiment 1 showed a retrieval-induced impairment in analogical problem solving. Experiment 2 replicated this finding and demonstrated that it cannot be due to the deliberative episodic retrieval of the solutions to the analogies. These findings, predictable from an inhibitory framework of memory control, provide a new focus for theories of analogical transfer and highlight the importance of unconscious memory processes that may modulate problem solving.
Keywords: Executive control
Analogical reasoning
Selective retrieval
Issue Date: 12-Feb-2019
metadata.dc.description.sponsorship: The study was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science and Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness grants FPU014/07066 to TMV, PSI2015-65502-C2-1-P to TB, PSI2015-65502-C2-2-P to CJGA and PCIN-2015-165-C02-01 to TMV, TB and CJGA.
Publisher: PLOS
Citation: Valle TM, Gómez-Ariza CJ, Bajo MT (2019) Inhibitory control during selective retrieval may hinder subsequent analogical thinking. PLoS ONE 14(2): e0211881.
Appears in Collections:DPS-Artículos

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