Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Study of ancient forging devices: 3D modelling and analysis using current computer methods
Authors: Rojas Sola, José Ignacio
Bouza Rodríguez, José Benito
Comesaña Campos, Alberto
Abstract: An ancient forging device in Spain has been studied, namely the forge with a waterwheel and air-blowing tube or hydraulic trompe, found near the village of Santa Eulalia de Oscos (province of Asturias, Spain). Three procedures using ad hoc methods were applied: 3D modelling, finite element analysis (FEA), and computational-fluid dynamics (CFD). The CFD results indicated the proper functioning of the trompe, which is a peculiar device based on the Venturi effect to take in air. The maximum air volume flow rate supplied to the forge by the trompe was shown to be 0.091 m3/s, and certain parameters of relevance in the trompe design presented optimal values, i.e. offering maximum air-flow supply. Furthermore, the distribution of stress over the motion-transmission system revealed that the stress was concentrated most intensely in the cogs of the transmission shaft (a kind of camshaft), registering values of up to 7.50 MPa, although this value remained below half of the maximum admissible work stress. Therefore, it was confirmed that the oak wood from which the motion system and the trompe were made functioned properly, as these systems never exceeded the maximum admissible working stress, demonstrating the effectiveness of the materials used in that period.
Keywords: forging device
hydraulic trompe
3D modelling
computational-fluid dynamics
finite element analysis
Issue Date: 30-Apr-2019
Publisher: Polish Academy of Sciences: Division IV Technical Sciences
Citation: Rojas-Sola JI, Bouza-Rodriguez JB, Comesaña-Campos, A. Study of ancient forging devices: 3D modelling and analysis using current computer methods. Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci.-Tech. Sci. 2019;67:377-390.
Appears in Collections:DIGDP-Artículos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences - Technical Sciences - versión publicada.pdf8,09 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright