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|Analysis of the two-point wheel-rail contact scenario using the knife-edge-equivalent contact constraint method
|Aceituno, Javier F.
Escalona, José L.
|This paper presents a rigid contact approach to analyse the two-point wheel-rail contact scenario using the simplified constraint-based contact method called Knife-edge Equivalent Contact method (KEC-method). The proposed approach makes use of the computationally efficient online solution of the KEC constraints, where a single-point rail is in contact with an equivalent wheel profile, and provides an exact relation between the location of the contact points in the equivalent and real profiles. In this context, the two-point contact scenario can be easily dealt by linearly softening the KEC-constraints in the vicinity of the two-point contact, that gives a continuous and unique contact point solution between each wheel-rail pair and avoids finite contact point jumps between tread and flange. This allows an efficient kinematic solution of the two-point contact scenario. However, to properly ac- count for a dynamic equivalence of the two-point contact scenario in the computation of the tangential contact forces, the reaction force acting on the wheel when the contact point lies on the tread-flange transition, is transformed into two contact forces acting on the tread and flange respectively maintaining the resultant equilibrium of forces at the wheel.
Two-point contact scenario
Online constraint contact approach
|Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities under Project Reference TRA2017- 86355-C2-1-R .
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