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|Determination of the drying rate and effective diffusivity coefficients during convective drying of two-phase olive mill waste at rotary dryers drying conditions for their application
|Gómez-de la Cruz, Francisco J
Palomar-Carnicero, José M.
|Secondary extraction factories in the oil olive production are subjected to high pressures each year due to the treatment of large quantities of olive mill wastes. In return, this sector achieves a biomass by-product and olive pomace oil. Furthermore, these facilities remove a serious environmental problem. To help improve and optimize the drying process of these wastes, we have carried out a study of mass transfer in a convective dryer using the drying conditions in rotary dryers. A design of experiments based on a central composite design in two dimensions, drying air temperature (between 100ºC and 425ºC) and drying air velocity (between 1 m/s and 7 m/s), was used to determine the drying rate and effective diffusivity coefficients. These variables were calculated from the experimental data obtained in isothermal drying test. Polynomial surface models, obtained by the linear least-squares fitting method, allowed to calculate these variables as a function of other such as drying air temperature, drying air velocity and moisture ratio. Drying rate and effective diffusivity values were found between 0.00001915 and 0.028 kgwater/kgsolid·s and 1.917·10-8 and 10.02·10-8 m2/s, respectively. These parameters will contribute to solve the heat and mass transfer phenomena in rotary dryers.
Olive mill wastes
|This work has been conducted with the financial support of the Spanish “Consejería Andaluza de Innovación, Ciencia y Empresa” through the research project AGR-6131 (“Modelado y Control de secadero rotativo de orujo”) as part of the research program “Proyectos de Excelencia de la Junta de Andalucía 2010-2014”. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided. The authors gratefully acknowledge to the association of secondary extraction factories “ANEO” the contribution of the two-phase olive mill waste as well.
|Gómez-de la Cruz, F. J., Palomar-Carnicero, J. M., Hernández-Escobedo, Q., & Cruz-Peragón, F. (2020). Determination of the drying rate and effective diffusivity coefficients during convective drying of two-phase olive mill waste at rotary dryers drying conditions for their application. Renewable Energy, 153, 900-910.
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